Northern Electric--Nortel Networks Collection

Dublin Core

Title

Northern Electric--Nortel Networks Collection

Subject

Nortel_logo

The collection is dedicated to the corporate history of  Northern Electric and Manufacturing, Northern Electric, Northern Telecom, Bell-Northern Research, and Nortel Networks.

Description

Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company was founded in Montreal, Quebec, in 1895. It's main business was the manufacturing of telephone equipment for Bell Telephone Company of Canada.

In 1914, the Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company merged with the Imperial Wire and Cable Company of Montreal to form the Northern Electric Company.  Although the new company's main business continued to be telecommunication equipment, Northern Electric also ventured into consumer electronics market manufacturing radios, television sets, console radio-phonographs, hi-fi amplifiers, and so on.

In 1971, Northern Electric and Bell Canada formed Bell-Northern Research (BNR) -- an Ottawa-based telecommunications research and development company. Around the same time, Northern Electric introduced its first computerized  PBX (Private Branch Exchange -- a private telephone network used within a company or organization) named the SG-1. Four years later, BNR introduced the  SL-1 PBX  which was the world's first all-digital PBX aimed at medium-sized businesses. 

In 1976, Northern Electric Company changed its name to Northern Telecom Limited and the company focused its operations exclusively on fully digital telecommunications products.  Northern Telecom was the first company in its industry to deliver a complete line of fully digital telecommunications products. Its SL-1 became the world’s most successful PBX and, by 1991, the company  was the world’s largest PBX supplier offering its Meridian communication systems line.

In 1998, the company's name was changed to Nortel Networks to emphasize its focus on networking solutions for telecommunication over the Internet and other communications networks.

In 2009, the company filed for bankruptcy protection.

Abbreviations:

  • BNR: Bell-Northern Research Ltd.
  • WC: W. Clipsham
  • NT: Northern Telecom
  • NOR: Nortel Networks
  • WEC: Western Electric Company
  • WB: material donated by Walter Banks
  • KB: material donated by Keith Brickman
  • HB: material donated by Henry Wiebe
  • GR: material donated by Greg Reynolds
  • ZS: material donated by Zbigniew Stachniak
  • JM: material donated by John Morden
  • RR: material donated by Robert Roden
  • SC: material donated by Stanley Chow
HARDWARE
  • BNR XMS (eXtended Multicomputer System) workstation with two built-in 8" floppy drives [SC]
  • BNR XMS workstation (prototype?)
  • Two external 8" floppy diskette drives for the BNR XMS workstation[SC]
  • Northern Telecom/Nortel Passport 50 DS1 MVPE module, [GR]
  • Nortel Networks Passport 50 E3A FP module, [GR]
  • Nortel Networks Passport 50 OC3S FP module, [GR]
  • Nortel Networks Passport 50 CP module, [GR]
  • Nortel's 1 MEG Modem, NTEX35AA, [ZS]
  • Nortel Display Phone
  • Northern Electric paper calculator, 1973 [JM]
  • Dual NAND silicon microcircuit, Northern Electric, 1960s? [RR]
  • Northern Telecom Alex videotex terminal, 1988
  • Northern Telecom Displayphone telephone and data terminal, 1981
  • Northern Telecom Displayphone 220 telephone and data terminal, 1987
Corporate Documents
  • Northern Electric Company incorporation documents (original), 1914. [Nortel]
  • Northern Telecom worldwide senior management structure, May 1983, [KB]
  • Northern Telecom Inc., Major Business Units, May 1, 1985, [KB]
  • Northern Electric Organization structure, September 1972. [KB]
  • A file of Northern Telecom and BNR Human Resources publications and documents, 1979-1988
NEWSLETTERS and MAGAZINES
  • Northern Circuit, Northern Electric, Spring 1965. [KB]
  • Northern News, Northern Electric, vol. 44, no. 7 (1969). [JM]
  • The Networks, Northern Electric, September 1973. [JM]
  • telesis, BNR
    issues: vol. 3, no. 2 (1973) [WB]; vol. 4, no. 3 (1975); vol 4., no. 1 (1976) [WC]; vol. 5, no. 2 (1977) and no. 9 (1978) [WB]; vol. 6, no. 1 (1979) [WB]; vol. 8, no. 4 (1981); vol. 12, no. 1 (1985) [WC]; issues 92, 93 (1991), 98 (1994). [WC]
  • the, Northern Electric, Ottawa, issue 2 (1969), 4, 5 (1970). [WC]
  • Miscellany, BNR, vol. 2, 3 (1987), 4, 5 (1988), 6, 7 (1989). [WC]
  • Printed Circuit, Northern Telecom at Bramalea vol. 18, no. 7 (1991). [JM]
  • Lachine Journal, Northern Telecom at Lachine, no. 5 (1992). [JM]
  • Network news, Northern Telecom, May 1992. [JM]
  • Between-Us, Northern Telecom at Lachine and Laurentian no. 4 (1993). [JM]
  • Protel Technical Notes, BNR, Language Development Group; issues: vol. 1, nr. 1--7, 1980.
  • Data Packet, Data Networks Division, Northern Telecom, vol. 2, issue 3 )198?) [WC]
MANUALS, USER GUIDES, REPORTS, PROMOTIONAL MATERIAL
1940-1949
  • No. 1 Crossbar Dial Telephone System, Photographs, Educational Bulletin No. 2.5, WEC, December 1947. [HW]
1950-1959
  • No. 5 Crossbar Dial Telephone System, Completion of a Call, Educational Bulletin No. 2.5 B-1, WEC, April 1954. [HW]
  • The Step-By-Step Dial Telephone System, Telephone System Training, Lesson No. 3, No. 2.5 B-1, WEC, June 1954. [HW]
1960-1969
  • E.H. Lanham, A Brief Story of the Growth, Evolution, and Expansion of Telephone Systems from the Magneto Era to the Present, Technical Memorandum TM 8161-2-64, Northern Electric, December 31st, 1964.
  • Toronto Works, Telephone Directory, Northern Electric Company, Switching Division, 1 November 1966 [WBr] 1 Nov. 1966. [HB] Preliminary Version, IPSA (29 November, 1970) [WK].
1970-1979
  • Time to switch... SP-1 electronic switching systems, Northern Electric, October 1973. [JM]
  • Datapac: Standard Network Access Protocol, Trans-Canada Telephone System, 30 November, 1974. [WC]
  • Datapac: Overview, Trans-Canada Telephone System, 1974? [WC]
  • Datapac: Four papers presented to the Third International Conference on Computer Communications, Toronto, Canada (August 1976). [WC]
  • An Introduction to GRAPPLE Programming, ver. 4.21, BNR 13490, July 1974. [WB]
  • GRAPPLE Console Users Manual, ver. 1.0, BNR(?), 18 June, 1975. [WB]
  • GRAPPLE Language Reference Manual, ver. 5.10, BNR 13500, June 1975. [WB]
  • Datapac: Standard Network Access Protocol Specification, Trans-Canada Telephone System, 1976. [WC]
  • Datapac: Four papers presented to the Third International Conference on Computer Communications, Toronto, August 1976, Trans-Canada Telephone System, 1976. [WC]
  • W. Clipsham, SL10 Data Network Processor: General Description, BNR, Issue 1, September 1976. [WC]
  • D. Drynan, SL10 Data Network Processor: Trunk System, BNR, February 1977. [WC]
  • Integrated Software Engineering System: Cost-Benefit Analysis, BNR, November 1978. [WC]
  • Integrated Software Engineering System: Overview, BNR, November 1979. [WC]
  • Integrated Software Engineering System: System Requirements Specification, BNR, November 1979. [WC]
1980-1989
  • Displayphone User Guide, Northern Telecom, February 1982 [ZS]
  • Displayphone User Guide, Northern Telecom, issue 3 [ZS]
  • Displayphone 220 User Guide, Northern Telecom, 1987 [ZS]
  • ALEX Installation Guide, Northern Telecom, issue 1 [ZS]
  • DMS-100 System Description, BNR, 1986. [SC]
  • Writing Handbook, BNR, 1987. [WC]
  • DPN: Data Networking System Reference Handbook, Northern Telecom, 1986. [WC]
  • DMS-100/200 NT-40 Instruction Set, BNR, 1987. [SC]
  • H. Johnson, Object-Oriented Programming in PROTEL (draft), BNR, 1988. [SC]
  • H. Johnson, An Object-Oriented Language Based on PROTEL (draft), BNR, 1989. [SC]
  • DPN-100: Data Networking Reference Handbook, Northern Telecom, 1988. [WC]
  • B. Baker, Multiprocessing Core for DMS, BNR, 1989. [SC]
  • Telephony, BNR, Technical Educational Department, 198?
1990-
  • DPN-100/500: Data Networking General Description, Release 1.0, BNR, February 11, 1990. [WC]
  • DPN: Data Networking System, BNR, October 1990. [WC]
  • G. Beattie, S. Gheorghe, and J. Robinson, Software Technology Evolution  Program: Overview, BNR, 1991. [SC]
  • D. Shirley, STEP: Software Design for Testability, BNR, 1991. [SC]
  • A. Danko, P. Dunn, and R. Krol, STEP: Configuration Management for De-Coupled Development, BNR, 1991. [SC]
PAPERS and OTHER MATERIAL
  • W.A. Depp and W.H.T. Holden, Circuits for Cold Cathode Glow Tubes, Bell Telephone System Technical Publications, Monograph B-1685, compliments of Northern Electric, 1949. Originally published in Electrical Manufacturing, vol. 44, pp. 92-97 (1949).
  • J.H. Felker, Typical block diagram for a digital computer, Bell Telephone System Technical Publications, Monograph 2046, compliments of Northern Electric, 1952. Originally published in Transactions of American Institute of Electrical Engineers, vol. 71, part 1, pp. 175-182 (1952).
  • Datapac and the SL-10 Packet Switching System: Selected Published Papers, 1976-79, BNR.
  • Northern Telecom: The Anatomy of Transformation, 1985--1995, Nortel/Northern Telecom, November 1996. [WC]
  • H. Johnson, PROTEL A programming Language for Large Real-Time Applications, publisher: ?, 1984.
  • SINC Network Description, SINC Technical Document, Bell/BNR SINC Design Team, October 31, 1974. [WC]
  • DPN Technical Papers 1985-1986, BNR. [WC]
  • W.W. Clipsham, F.E. Glave, and M.L. Narraway, Datapac Network Overview, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computer Communication, P.K. Verma (ed), Toronto. 3-6 August 1976; the material includes memos and slides prepared for the presentation. [WC]
  • The BNR Network, 197? [WC]
  • I. Cunningham, Host to Network Protocol for the Bell-Northern Research Network, version 1.2, BNR, October 1973. [WC]
  • B. Clipsham et al, First Level Protocol for a Data Switch, version V, August 14, 1972, CASE: R3777. [WC]
  • C.C. Martel, I.M. Cunningham, and M.S. Grushcow, The BNR Network: A Canadian Experience with Packet Switching Technology, BNR. [WC]
  • N. Dam, D. Schenkel, and W.Prater, Micro-SNAP - An X.25 Microcomputer System, MSNAP-BNR (197?) [WC]
  • B. Hobbs, Chrysalis: Transforming The Way We Do Business, Northern Telecom S321, September 19, 1991. [JM]
  • 32 photographs of the Northern Telecom constructions at 8200 Dixie Rd. taken between February 23 and December 8, 1987. [JM]
  • Four photographs of the Northern Electric Calgary Cable Plant, 19?? [JM]
  • Various promotional Nortel Networks brochures, 1995--2003. [ZS]

Collection Items

Northern Telecom Displayphone
Northern Telecom Displayphone model number NT6K0088, serial number LR48718.
View item